Human Rights are the necessity that all people should have access to e.g. food, shelter, water, education, no abuse and fair pay.
What are human rights?
Human Rights are the rights and freedoms that we all have
- Some human rights are based on our physical needs (the right to life, food, shelter)
- Other human rights protect us (the right to be free from torture, abuse and cruel treatment)
- Human rights are also there to ensure we develop to our fullest potential (the right to education, work and to participate in your community)
Everyone has human rights and should be given equal treatment regardless of who you are, where you come from, what language you speak or your religion. We all have a duty to respect each other’s rights and to be respected for your rights. Nobody can take your rights away.
Why do human rights matter to me?
Human rights matter to us all.
In the UK:
- One child in three is poor
- One child in four is physically abused
- One child in seven does not have a home.
It is vital that all young people know their rights.
Where do rights come from?
Human rights are based on the values of:
Dignity- respect and pride in yourself
Justice- fairness/legal system
Respect- valuing others and their values, rights and perspective
Equality- equal treatment/ justice
Human rights were officially recognised as values by the world when the United Nations was set up.
What is the United Nations?
- The United Nations (UN) is an international organisation that was established in 1945, the year WWII ended.
- Its founders (mainly Russia, England, U.S. and France) hoped it would be able to prevent catastrophes like the Holocaust from happening in the future.
- So promoting human rights became an aim of the UN, along with maintaining international peace and reducing poverty.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the most famous human rights agreement in the world. It contains 30 human rights.
Who wrote the UDHR?
The people who wrote the UDHR came from: Australia, Chile, China, France, Lebanon and the former Soviet Union, UK and the US.
The Human Rights
- Economic Rights :”(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.” Article 17
- Social Rights: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” Article 1
- Religious Rights: “Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance. “ Article 18
- Cultural Rights: “(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. “ Article 27