- Torah means ‘teaching’ and refers to the five main books of Moses- Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy
- A torah scroll is made from sheets of parchment, which is made from the skin of a kosher animal
- It is written by hand in Hebrew by a professional scribe called a sofer. It is read right to left.
- It takes one year at least to do this
- He is not allowed to write from memory. He must copy from a book of the Torah, and keep checking for mistakes. Letters must not be smudged or touch another letter.
- If the sofer makes a mistake, he scrapes of the letters using a glass tool
- The most sacred word that he writes is the Hebrew name for God. He can’t correct this- he has to start again. The sheet with the mistake is buried in a Jewish cemetery
- When finished, the sheets of parchment are sewn together and wound around wooden rollers.
- The Torah is regarded as holy and is decorated as beautifully as possible